Throughout his long reign Louis XIV — never lost the hold over his people he had assumed at the beginning. He succeeded his father on May 14, At the age of four years and eight months, he was, according to the laws of the kingdom, not only the master but the owner of the bodies and property of 19 million subjects.
The History Learning Site, 17 Mar His monarchy was dominated by the careers of the Duke de Luynes and Cardinal Richelieu. The power of the monarchy was weakened during the French Wars of Religion and Louis wanted to build on the increase in monarchical power that his father, Henry, had introduced once the war had ended.
Louis became king at the age of nine. Therefore, as a minor, France was governed by a Regent — in this case, his mother Marie de Medici. She allowed her favourites, Galigai and Concini, to do as they wished, thereby discrediting the monarchy after the exalted heights Henry IV had taken it to.
From on, Louis became more and more influenced by Charles, Duke de Luynes, who favoured an extension of royal absolutism. Both Luynes and Louis were implicated in the murder of Concini and the concocted trial that found Galigai guilty of being a witch, a decision that lead to her execution. Once both former favourites were out of his way, Luynes used his position to expand his power, but also the power of Louis.
From on, France witnessed an expansion of monarchical power at the expense of the power of the magnates.
Marie de Medici was exiled to a chateau at Blois and kept out of the royal court. Louis had married at the age of His wife was Anne of Austria, the Spanish Infanta. It was an arranged marriage it had been settled as early as in the Treaty of Fontainbleau and it was not a happy marriage.
Louis and Anne spent years living apart, and the birth of their son, the future Louis XIV, surprised many but was the result of a rare night spent together. He came across as modest and reserved but he could be very cruel and ruthless — as the murder of Concini indicated.
He was a very religious man who sanctioned murder. He was also a hypochondriac who always believed that he was ill yet he enjoyed leading his soldiers into battle. Louis knew that he did not possess the ability to grasp the detail needed to run his kingdom well — hence his reliance on Luynes and Richelieu.
However, both men were in favour of absolute monarchy and they formed a formidable team between and ; Luynes until his death in and Richelieu until the death of the king in The final decision on policy always rested with Louis.The Theory of Absolutism Absolute monarchy or absolutism meant that the sovereign power or ultimate authority in the state rested in the hands of a king who claimed to rule by divine right.
The Reign of Louis XIV: In September, , Louis, age thirteen, declared his majority and the right to rule. His reign () was to become the longest in the history of Europe. His reign () was to become the longest in the history of Europe. Louis XIV is the longest reigning monarch in European history, and during his impressive reign, France enjoyed a Golden Age of arts and commerce.
He expanded its territories and shifted the balance of power to France becoming one of the most powerful European countries in the 17th century.
Louis XVI (French pronunciation: ; 23 August – 21 January ), born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French vetconnexx.com was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet during the four months before he was vetconnexx.com , at the death of his father, Louis, son and heir apparent of Louis XV, Louis-Auguste became the new Dauphin of France.
Louis XIII of France was born in and died in Louis was the son of Henry IV and Marie de Medici. He was king from on, the year of his father’s assassination. SUCCESSORS OF ROME: FRANCIA, Present.
Kings and Emperors of the Franks, France, Burgundy, Italy, and Germany. Introduction. After the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, and the occupation of much of Gaul by the Franks, Roman power never returned far enough to come into conflict with the Frankish kingdom (except, to an extent, in the South of Italy).