Like the previous Sui Dynasty, the Tang Dynasty maintained a civil service system by drafting officials through standardized and recommendations to office. This civil order was undermined by the rise of regional military governors known as jiedushi during the 9th century. Two of China's most famous poets, Li Bai Political Science- Democratic Theory Of Peace words - 15 pages economic rise through greater freedom of travel, job opportunities, housing choices, and access to information.
Feng shui is particularly important in the placement of tombs, note the mountain in line with the north-south axis. The chief feature of traditional Chinese architecture has been its stability; styles did not change much over the centuries.
In Europe, styles came in and out of fashion and so it is easy to guess the date of a building to within a century, this can not be done so easily in China. As most tombs were underground there is little to see of ancient memorials.
Proper placement of a building in the landscape has always been important. Traditionally a Feng Shui consultant would advise on the most auspicious position and outlook. Generally the building faces south and so receives the most warmth and light.
The narrow streets between the courtyard houses are called Hutongs. The traditional house design is based around a courtyard. It was designed for the occupation of an extended family, typically three generations. Larger and grander houses have courtyards nested within courtyards but followed the same design.
The evidence that this style of architecture goes back at least to the Han dynasty comes from clay models of houses that have been found in tombs, so the courtyard design is over two thousand years old.
In southern China the buildings rose to two floors, while in the north typically only one story. There was a belief that good spirits flew not far above the ground and so high buildings would block their path.
The prime dwelling space was on the first floor of the south facing building. It was here that the senior members of the extended family the paternal grandfather and grandmother usually lived.
In the more prosperous families, each family group would occupy a separate courtyard. This would be the main south facing building in the courtyard. Note the garden just in front of the chief man of the house The main gateway entrance into the courtyard house had two red doors; it was located on the eastern part of the south side conforming to the rules of feng shui.
The largest example of a wall of this type is the Nine Dragon Wall in Beijing made with colored glazed tiles.
The entrance hall opened into a front courtyard with the formal entrance into the main courtyard that lies to its north side. In high status houses the buildings are linked by covered walkways and the servant quarters lie to the north of behind the main building.
They may also have been watch towers at the corners. Ancient lattice windows As the use of window glass was pretty much unknown in China, windows were covered in waxed paper or thin silk in winter and left uncovered in summer.
The window frames were decorated with intricate, wooden geometric lattice-work designs.
The design motifs can be used to date and locate a building as they changed with time and region. The internal walls and screens within the building were not load-bearing and could be easily taken down and rebuilt to reflect the needs of the family.
Brick was used for city walls and fortifications in China but not in house construction, instead wattle and daub was used instead, they are easy to move. House construction in China As China is subject to violent earthquakes it was not safe to build a high stone or brick building.
It has only been with the use of re-enforced concrete that high-rise building has been possible.China. The Period of Disunion and The Sui Dynasty words - 3 pages the dynasty. Like the previous Sui Dynasty, the Tang Dynasty maintained a civil service system by drafting officials through standardized and recommendations to office.
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Devoted to historical analysis from a global point of view, the Journal of World History features a range of comparative and cross-cultural scholarship and encourages research on forces that work their influences across cultures and civilizations.
Themes examined include large-scale population movements and economic fluctuations; cross-cultural transfers of technology; the spread of infectious diseases; long . Beijing, however, is all about history and politics, with Chairman Mao’s huge portrait still gazing out across Tiananmen Square from the gates of the Forbidden City, once home to China’s emperors.
View of the Forbidden City, Beijing from the peak of Jingshan Hill. This view gives the impression of the overall design of courtyards within courtyards laid out symmetrically across a north-south axis.