To be concise, Orientalism can be defined as the synthetic study and analysis of Oriental philology, linguistics, ethnography, etc. It also encompasses the interpretation of Eastern culture through the discovery, recovery, classification and translation of the canon of Oriental texts.
In that vein, about contemporary Orientalist stereotypes of Arabs and Muslims, Said said: So far as the United States seems to be concerned, it is only a slight overstatement to say that Moslems and Arabs are essentially seen as either oil suppliers or potential terrorists.
Very little of the detail, the human density, the passion of Arab—Moslem life has entered the awareness of even those people whose profession it is to report the Arab world. What we have, instead, is a series of crude, essentialized caricatures of the Islamic world, presented in such a way as to make that world vulnerable to military aggression.
Therefore, Orientalism was a method of practical and cultural discrimination that was applied to non-European societies and peoples in order to establish European imperial domination.
In justification of empire, the Orientalist claims to know more—essential and definitive knowledge—about the Orient than do the Orientals. That the history of European colonial rule and political domination of Eastern civilizations, distorts the intellectual objectivity of even the most knowledgeable, well-meaning, and culturally sympathetic Western Orientalist; thus did the term "Orientalism" become a pejorative word regarding non—Western peoples and cultures: To say this may seem quite different from saying that all academic knowledge about India and Egypt is somehow tinged and impressed with, violated by, the gross political fact—and yet that is what I am saying in this study of Orientalism.
Towards the end of his life for instance, Said argued that while representations are essential for the function of human life and societies — as essential as language itself — what must cease are representations that are authoritatively repressive, because they do not provide any real possibilities for those being represented to intervene in this process.
The Reception of the Ambassadors in Damascus depicts the " Arabic culture " of 16th-century Syria. Said said that the Western world sought to dominate the Eastern world for more than 2, years, since Classical antiquity 8th c.
In the course of empire, after the physical-and-political conquest, there followed the intellectual conquest of a people, whereby Western scholars appropriated for themselves as European intellectual property the interpretation and translation of Oriental languages, and the critical study of the cultures and histories of the Oriental world.
Orientalism fictionally depicts the Orient as an irrational, psychologically weak, and feminized, non-European Otherwhich is negatively contrasted with the rational, psychologically strong, and masculine West. Such a binary relation, in a hierarchy of weakness and strength, derives from the European psychological need to create a difference of cultural inequality, between West and East, which inequality is attributable to "immutable cultural essences " inherent to Oriental peoples and things.
The Western world had been surprised, by the pro-active and decisive actions of non-Western peoples, whom the ideology of Orientalism had defined as essentially weak societies and impotent countries.
The geopolitical reality of their actions, of military and economic warfare, voided the fictional nature of Orientalist representationsattitudes, and opinions about the non-Western Other self.
Literature here is understood as a kind of carrier and distributor of ideology. The greatest intellectual impact of Orientalism was upon the fields of literary theorycultural studiesand human geographyby way of which originated the field of Post-colonial studies.
Post-colonial Culture Studies[ edit ] As a work of cultural criticism, Orientalism is the foundation document of the field of Post-colonialismbecause the thesis proved historically factual, true, and accurate for the periods studied; and for the How?
A People Interrupted Writing History and the WestRobert J. Young reported Post-colonial explanations of the "How? Edward William Lane, the translator and lexicographer who compiled the Arabic—English Lexicon — In Dangerous Knowledge, Irwin relates that the 19th-century English Arabist Edward William Lanecompiler of the great Arabic-English Lexicon , "used to complain that he had become so used to the cursive calligraphy of his Arabic manuscripts that he found Western print a great strain on his eyes.Edward W.
Said on Colonialism and Post-Colonialism Essay Sample Edward W. Said led a life influenced much influenced by colonialism and post-colonialism. His expertise on the subject also stems, besides his first-hand experience in British schools, from his analysis of .
(), by the literary critic Edward Said, announced many of the themes of subaltern studies. The Orient that Said discussed was basically the Middle East, and the Orientalism was the body of fact, opinion, and prejudice accumulated by western European scholars in their encounter with it.
ANALYSIS PAPER Orientalism In his introduction to the term “Orientalism,” Edward Said begins by paraphrasing the writing of a French journalist’s view of the present-day Orient in order to express the major common Western misconception about the East.
The school of critical theory, created by Edward Said, is applicable to novels, essays, social situations, films, and epics alike.
One film, to which Orientalism is applicable, is Disney’s Pocahontas. True, ‘Edward’ was for the Prince of Wales who cut so fine a figure in , the year of my birth, and ‘Said’ was the name of various uncles and cousins.
But the rationale of my name broke down when I discovered no grandparents called ‘Said’, and when I tried to .
The memoir's most engaging elements are the little personal details that help us understand his later work: the young Said's love of such Hollywood films as Arabian Nights, with Maria Montez, or.